This is King Leonidas of Sparta (Greece now). He led a group of 300 men to fight the Persians at the battle of Thermopylae, one of the most famous battles in ancient history. This all took place around 480 BC.
Now, just humor me (this is my blog and this is my 300th post), and let's pretend that the woman on his left in the picture above is me, his wife, OK. Just roll with me and let me have my fun. Though, I would want to change my name. His wife's name was Gorgo. That is just pitiful.
The Spartans were very smart, excellent warriors, and often would fight in formations such as this, protecting as many men as possible while still attacking.
Thanks for reading.